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直升机具有独特的垂直起降、空中悬停及向任意方向飞行的能力,在军民两用领域发挥着不可替代的作用。近年来,直升机为抗险救灾、应急救援、缉毒缉私等提供了快速、高效的响应手段,是我国突发事件应急体系建设的重中之重。因此,直升机的发展已上升到国家发展战略。中国直升机军民领域快速发展,早在几年前服役与中国军队的直升机已经突破了1000架,而在民用领域,中航工业也是多线布局,开花结果。

中国直升机的发展起步较晚,虽然相对于战斗机和大型轰炸机和运输机而言,直升机相对科技攻关难度小一点,但是中国直升机的发展也是历经磨难。相对于欧美和俄罗斯等西方国家而言,我国的直升机技术积累和工业发展刚刚起步。但是最重要的是中国直升机的发展已经实现了自主创新和国产化,产业布局完善,工业制造力和工业水平得到了很大提升。

另一方面,中国低空空域开放毋庸置疑是中国直升机产业发展面临的首要问题;其次,基础设施薄弱及专业人才培养也一定程度限制了直升机的产业发展。如今,中国在增强其应急救援、紧急医疗救护、公安执法、电力巡检、环境监测和通航运输等领域仍有很大的需求,。截至2020年8月,中国内地在运营的通用航空器数量达2930架,直升机机队占整个通用航空器机队的37%,2020年机队总数达1070架。相比于2019年底增长55架,中国直升机市场依然前景广阔。


Helicopter has the unique ability of take-off and landing, hovering and flight to any directions, plays an irreplaceable role in the field of dual-use. In recent years, helicopters have provided rapid and efficient response means for disaster relief, emergency rescue, drug suppression and smuggling, etc., which is the top priority in the construction of China's emergency response system. Therefore, the development of helicopters has been elevated to the national development strategy. The military and civilian fields of Chinese helicopters are developing rapidly. As early as a few years ago, the number of military helicopters has exceeded 1,000. In the civilian field, AVIC is also in a multi-line layout, which shows fruitful achievement.


The development of helicopters in China started relatively late. Although helicopters are relatively easy to tackle scientific and technological problems compared with fighter aircraft, large bombers and transport aircraft, the development of helicopters in China has also gone through hardships. Compared with western countries such as Europe, America and Russia, China's helicopter technology accumulation and industrial development has just started. But the most important thing is that China's helicopter development has realized independent innovation and localization, the industrial layout is perfect, the manufacturing capacity and industrial level have been greatly improved.


On the other hand, the opening of China's low-altitude airspace is undoubtedly the primary issue to the development of China's helicopter industry. Secondly, weak infrastructure and professional personnel training also limit the development of the helicopter industry. Today, China still has a great need to enhance its emergency rescue, emergency medical aid, public security law enforcement, power inspection, environmental monitoring and navigation. Till August 2020, the number of general aircraft in operation in China's mainland reached 2,930, and the helicopter fleet accounted for 37 percent of the total general aircraft fleet, with the total number reaching 1,070 by 2020. Compared with an increase of 55 helicopters at the end of 2019, China's helicopter market is still promising.

Dec 8 & 9, 2021 (GMT+8)

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